Department of Physiology, ANIIMS Port Blair

List of Teaching Staff
Name Designation Qualification
1 Dr. Mohan Manohar Sagdeo HOD & ProfessorM.B.B.S., M.D.
2 Dr. Akhilesh Kumar Singh Assistant ProfessorM.B.B.S., M.D.
3 Dr. Kaushal Kumar Alam Assistant ProfessorM.B.B.S., M.D.
4 Mr. Ashwani Sharma TutorM.Sc.
List of Non-Teaching Staff
Name Designation
Smt. Anamika Reddy Technical Assistant
Smt. Jamuna Devi Technician
Smt. T.J Salma Stenotypist cum Store Keeper-cum-Clerk
Mr. Soloman Laboratory Attendant
Smt. Kadeeza Laboratory Attendant
Shri. K. Kotaiyam Sweeper
Shri. Nirmal Haldar Sweeper


Welcome to the Department of Physiology in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical sciences, Port Blair. Our Department is devoted to research, training, and education and strives to push the boundaries of scientific discovery and academic development. The Department’s faculty, in conjunction with under graduate students and staff, use innovative tools to uncover physical and chemical mechanisms of biological processes. Our frontiers span the molecular to organ level to determine how the human body functions in health and disease. Here at ANIIMS we have an energetic and dedicated staff to guide the students in this very interesting subject of basic sciences. The Lecture theaters and all the Practical laboratories are fully air conditioned and well equipped with the modern educational technology gadgets to train the undergraduates as per the guidelines of Medical Council of India.

What is Physiology?

Physiology and Biophysics is one of the premier basic science departments. From earliest times, people have sought to understand the nature of life. We instinctively want to know how our bodies work, how we are born, how we grow and develop, and the nature of illness, what happens when we die. Physiology describes the nature of life. It is the subject that deals with the normal functioning and regulations of all the organ systems in the body. It provides the framework for studying and exploring the bases of life. Physiologists view life from the simplest to the most complex levels of organization - from the subcellular, to the whole person. Physiologists make an important contribution to areas such as heart disease, reproduction and ageing and global population control. Without the basic knowledge of Physiology, it is practically impossible to understand the subjects like Pharmacology and Medicine.


The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in physiology aims at providing the student comprehensive knowledge of the normal functions of the organ systems of the body to facilitate an understanding of the physiological basis of health and diseases.


1) At the end of the course, the student will be able to: describe the normal functions of all the organ systems, their regulatory mechanisms and interactions of the various systems for well-coordinated total body function.

2) Understand the relative contribution of each organ system in the maintenance of the milieu interior (homeostasis).

3) Explain the physiological aspects of normal growth and development. Analyze the physiological responses and adaptation to environmental stresses.

4) Comprehend the physiological principles underlying pathogenesis and treatment of disease.

5) Correlate knowledge of physiology of human reproductive system in relation to National Family Welfare Program.

Infrastructural facilities:

Number: 01
Size : 45 Sq metre
Capacity : 50 Students
Audio-Visual equipment available: LED Projector

Practical Laboratories : Hematology Laboratory:
Number: 01
Size : 150 Sq metre
Capacity : 50 Students
Preparation Room : Size 15 sq metre

Practical Laboratories : Mammalian Laboratory:
Number: 01
Size : 60 Sq metre
Capacity : 30 Students
Preparation Room : Size 15 sq metre

Practical Laboratories : Clinical Physiology Laboratory:
Number: 01
Size : 80 Sq metre
Capacity : 30 Students

Practical Laboratories : Amphibian Laboratory:
Number: 01
Size : 90 Sq metre
Capacity : 30 Students

Departmental Library-cum-Seminar Room:
Number: 01
Size : 30 Sq metre
Capacity : 10
Number of Books in Physiology including Biophysics: 114
List of Journals: 01 (Kept at Central library)

Research Laboratory:
Number: 01
Size : 50 Sq metre
Equipments: Bicycle ergometer, polygraph, calorimeter, research kymograph with operating table, Dales organ bath, Electronic stimulator

List of Equipments
Name Quantity
1 Electric time markers 100/sec 6
2 Tuning fork 100/sec 6
3 Large extension kymograph-Brodie-Starling complete respiration pump, motor time marker manometer 2
4 Operation table 6
5 Dale's bath for internal organ 25
6 Marey's tambour 20
7 Anaesthesia box 1
8 Microscopes with light source 63
9 Double demonstration eye-piece 6
10 Westergren's pipettes 215
11 Westergren's stand 35
12 Pristley Smith perimeter 6
13 Haemoglobinometers Sahli's 36
14 Haemocytometer sets 36
15 Sphygmomanometers 12
16 Stethoscopes 12
17 Stethoscopes with multiple ear pieces 2
18 Polygraphs 1
19 Venous pressure apparatus 2
20 Spirometers 6
21 Douglas bag complete 6
22 Mosso's ergograph 6
23 Algometer 3
24 Knee Hammers 12
25 Sthethograph corrugated tube 10
26 Bicycle ergometer 4
27 Olfactometer 1
28 Ophthalmoscope 2
29 Schematic eye 1
30 Phakoscope 1
31 Perimeter with charts 2
32 Eldridge green lantern 1
33 Maddox rod 1
34 Newton's color wheel 1
35 Tuning forks for hearing tests (256 Hz & 512 Hz) 2 each
36 Handgrip dynamometer 1
37 Otorhinolaryngoscope 3
38 Electric sterilizer 2
39 Stop watches 4
40 3-channel physiograph with accessories 1
41 Single channel physiograph with accessories 6
42 High speed centrifuge with technometer 1
43 Photoelectric colorimeter 1
44 Electronic stimulator 1

Achievements of Faculty Members

Research publications: in progress.


Mr. Ashwani Sharma, MSc (Tutor)

Areas of Research interest: Cardiovascular and exercise physiology.


  • Member of organizing committee of APPICON Uttar Pradesh/Uttarakhand Chapter 2010.
  • Member of organizing committee of APPICON 2012 (Association of Physiologists and Pharmacologists of India).


  • Ashwani Sharma, Rajesh Misra, Naveen Gaur, Rajesh Kumar Sharma. Effect of aerobic exercise training (Treadmill) on heart rate variability and blood pressure in the offsprings of hypertensive parents. Abstract, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.2012;56(5)126.
  • Ruchi Tyagi, Shashank Mishra, Rajesh Mishra, YP Monga, Ashwani Sharma, Atul Jain. Bioelectric impedance phase angle as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in carcinoma tongue: A hospital based study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2015; 5(1):DOI:10.5455.


  • Attended 'Hospital Associated Infections' on 24th Oct, 2009 at Meerut, sponsored by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
  • Attended “Research in Biomedicine: How and Why?” on 15th May 2010 at Meerut, organized by Association of Physiologist and Pharmacologist of India (APPI),Meerut Branch.
  • Attended APPICON UP/UK Chapter 2010 on 20th-21st Nov 2010 at Meerut, organized by APPI, Meerut Branch.
  • Attended workshop on ‘Body composition and fluid assessment’ on December 2012, organized by APPICON 2012.
  • Presented poster in APPICON 2012 held on 18th-20th Dec, 2012 entitled “Effect of isotonic exercise training (Treadmill) on heart rate variability and blood pressure in the offsprings of hypertensive parents”.
  • Attended conference on Neuro Update on 4th October 2013 at Meerut.

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